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mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> </head> <body lang=EN-US link="#0563C1" vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in; margin-left:60.0pt'> <div class=WordSection1> <p class=style15>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellpadding=0 width="88%" style='width:88.0%;mso-cellspacing:1.5pt;margin-left:60.0pt;mso-yfti-tbllook: 1184'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td style='padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt'></td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1'> <td style='padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt'> <p class=style9 align=center style='mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;'>Media and Politics in the United States<o:p></o:p></p> <p class=style5><strong> <span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12">Course description:</span></strong><span class="style12"> We will examine print and television media, social media and the Internet; the constitutional status of the political media; who owns and controls the media; media bias; and what is its role in campaigns, elections, and policy-making.&nbsp; </span> </p> <p class=style20 style="mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;">I. Introduction<o:p></o:p></p> <p class=style8><span class="style12"><span class=style31> <span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; line-height:106%'>&nbsp;&nbsp; The Nature of Journalism</span></span><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height: 106%;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><br> <span class=style31>&nbsp;&nbsp; Who Owns and Controls the Media</span><br> <span class=style31>&nbsp;&nbsp; Advertising, Rhetoric, and Truth</span></span></span><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; line-height:106%'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style20 style="mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;">II. Media Defined<o:p></o:p></p> <p class=style8><span class=style31><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; line-height:106%'><span style='mso-tab-count:1' class="style12"> </span> <span class="style12">Language and Signs</span></span></span><span class="style12"><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:106%; font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Print Media<br> <span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Visual Media (TV)</span><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>&nbsp; </span>Digital Media (the Internet)</span><br> <span class=style31>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Social Media</span></span></span><span class=style31><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style20 style="mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;">III. The Political Context</p> <p class=style8><span class=style31><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; line-height:106%'><span style='mso-tab-count:1' class="style12">&nbsp; </span> <span class="style12">The First Amendment and the Media</span></span></span><span class="style12"><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; line-height:106%;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><br> <span class=style31>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Political Expression </span><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>How the Media Shape Public Opinion</span><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Campaigns and Elections</span><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span></span></span> </span><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:106%'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style6><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:106%'>I<span class="style11">V. What the Media Does To Us and For Us</span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style6><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:106%'> <span class="style10"><span class="style12">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Media and Political Power<br> </span></span> <span class=style31 style="font-family: 'Century Gothic'; color: #000080">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Information: Candidates and Policy Issues</span><span class="style11"><br> </span> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1' class="style11"> </span></span> <span class=style31 style="font-family: 'Century Gothic'; color: #000080">Political Marketing</span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style14 style="mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;">V. The Political Media and Self-Government<o:p></o:p></p> <p class=style8><span class=style31><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; line-height:106%'><span style='mso-tab-count:1' class="style12"></span><span class="style12">Political Media and Polarization</span></span></span><span class="style12"><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; line-height:106%;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Channel TV</span><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Media Bias and Media Spin</span></span></span><span class=style31><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style14 style="mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;">VI. Reforming the Media</p> <p class=style8><span class=style31><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; line-height:106%'><span style='mso-tab-count:1' class="style12"> </span> <span class="style12">The Ideal Media </span> </span></span><span class="style12"><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:106%; font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>Constitutional and Political Obstacles to Reform</span><br> <span class=style31><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span></span></span> </span><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:106%'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style12><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:106%'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span><strong><span style='font-family: "Century Gothic",sans-serif'>Internet Resources</span></strong><span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style17>&nbsp;</p> <p class=style6> <a href="https://www.congress.gov/content/conan/pdf/GPO-CONAN-2017-10-2.pdf" class="style12"> The Annotated Constitution - The Free Speech and Press Clauses</a><span class="style12"> -from the U.S. Congress - [Go to page 1140.]<br> <br> </span> <a href="https://www.wnycstudios.org/shows/otm" class="style12">On the Media</a><span class="style12"> --This is a weekly PBS program focusing on the media. </span> </p> <p class=style6><a href="https://mediabiasfactcheck.com/" class="style12">Media Bias/Fact Check</a><span class="style12"> --This website classifies media outlets from left to right.</span></p> <p class=style6> <a href="https://www.cnn.com/shows/reliable-sources" class="style12"> Reliable Sources</a><span class="style12"> --This is a program on CNN which examines news relating to the media.</span></p> <p class=style6><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:106%'> <span class="style12">Kate Vinton, </span> <a href="15billionaires.pdf" class="style12"> The 15 Billionaires Own America's News Media Companies </a><span class="style12">  from <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Forbes Magazine</i>, June 1, 2016 <br> <br> </span> <a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/these-6-corporations-control-90-of-the-media-in-america-2012-6" class="style12"> &quot;These Six Corporations Control 90% of the Media in America&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from businessinsider.com (2012)<br> <br> Editorial Board of </span> <em> <span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12">The Wall Street Journal</span></em><span class="style12">, </span> <a href="http://bodoc.net/lag/y180901_polmedia/y180327_wsj_edit.pdf" class="style12">&quot;The Tale of Stormy Donald,&quot;</a><span class="style12"> March 26, 2018</span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=style4><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <span class="style12">Ashley Lutz, </span> <a href="http://www.businessinsider.com/these-6-corporations-control-90-of-the-media-in-america-2012-6" class="style12">&quot;These 6 Corporations Control 90% of the Media in America&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from businessinsider.com</span><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:2'> <td style='padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt'> <p><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <a href="https://www.freepress.net/ownership/chart" class="style12"><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&quot;Who Owns the Media?&quot;</span></span></a></span><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"> --from freepress.net <br> <br> </span> <a href="http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/democracyondeadline/mediaownership.html" class="style12"> &quot;Who Owns the Media?&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from PBS (Independent Lens)</span></span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> </span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <a href="http://www.globalissues.org/article/163/media-in-the-united-states" class="style12"><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&quot;Media in the United States&quot;</span></span></a></span><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12"> --from globaiissues.org</span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> </span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <a href="http://www.journalism.org/" class="style12"><span class=style41><span style='font-size: 13.5pt'>&quot;Media and News&quot;</span></span></a></span><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12"> --from the PEW Research Center (journalism.org). </span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> </span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <a href="https://www.statista.com/topics/3723/social-media-and-politics-in-the-united-states/" class="style12"><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&quot;U.S. Social Media and Politics - Statistics and Facts&quot;</span></span></a></span><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12"> --from statistica.com </span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family: "Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> </span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <a href="http://bodoc.net/lag/y180901_polmedia/Do%20Social%20Media%20Threaten%20Democracy.pdf" class="style12"><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&quot;Do Social Media Threaten Democracy&quot;</span></span></a></span><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"> --from </span><span class="style16">The Economist</span><span class="style12">, November 4, 2017 </span> </span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> <span class=style41><span class="style12">Susan Condor, Christian Tileag, and Michael Billig, </span> <a href="https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/dspace-jspui/bitstream/2134/11597/6/political_rhetoric.pdf" class="style12">&quot;Political Rhetoric&quot; </a><span class="style12">--from </span> </span> <span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> <span class=style41><span class="style12">Marshall McCluhan, </span> </span></span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <a href="http://web.mit.edu/allanmc/www/mcluhan.mediummessage.pdf" class="style12"><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>The Medium is the Message </span></span></a></span><span class=style41> <span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12">- Chapter 1 --from MIT </span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family: "Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> </span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <a href="http://www.newseum.org/" class="style12"><span class=style41><span style='font-size: 13.5pt'>Museum</span></span></a></span><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12"> -- </span></span><span style='font-variant-ligatures: normal;font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: 2; text-align:start;widows: 2;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;float:none;word-spacing:0px'><span class=style51><span style='font-size:13.5pt;background:white' class="style12">&quot;The&nbsp;</span></span><span class=SpellE><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family: "Century Gothic",sans-serif;background:white' class="style12">Newseum</span></span></span><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif; background:white' class="style12"> is an&nbsp;</span></span></span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interactive" title=Interactive style='font-variant-ligatures: normal;font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: 2; text-align:start;widows: 2;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px'><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;background:white; text-decoration:none;text-underline:none' class="style12">interactive</span></span></a></span><span style='font-variant-ligatures: normal;font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: 2; text-align:start;widows: 2;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;float:none;word-spacing:0px'><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif; background:white' class="style12">&nbsp;</span></span></span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum" title=Museum style='font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: 2;text-align:start;widows: 2;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; word-spacing:0px'><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt; background:white;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none' class="style12">museum</span></span></a></span><span style='font-variant-ligatures: normal;font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: 2; text-align:start;widows: 2;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;float:none;word-spacing:0px'><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif; background:white' class="style12">&nbsp;</span><span style='font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: 2;text-align:start;widows: 2;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial;text-decoration-color: initial;float:none; word-spacing:0px' class="style12">that promotes free expression and the&nbsp;</span></span></span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution" title="First Amendment to the United States Constitution" style='font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: 2;text-align:start;widows: 2;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; word-spacing:0px'><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt; background:white;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none' class="style12">First Amendment to the United States Constitution</span></span></a></span><span style='font-variant-ligatures: normal;font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: 2; text-align:start;widows: 2;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;float:none;word-spacing:0px'><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif; background:white' class="style12">, while tracing the evolution of communication.&quot;</span></span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt; font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> </span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class=style41><span style='font-size:13.5pt'><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communication_studies">&quot;<span class=style12>Communicaton Studies&quot; </span> </a> </span></span></span><span class=style41> <span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12">--from Wikipedia.org </span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> <span class=style41 style="color: #000080">Mark Thompson, </span> <span class=style101 style="color: #000080">Enough Said: What's Gone Wrong With the Language</span><span class=style41 style="color: #000080"> (St. Martins, 2016)</span></span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <span class="style12">Amanda Taub and Max Fischer, &quot;</span><a href="http://bodoc.net/lag/y180901_polmedia/facebookmatch2.pdf" class="style12">Where Countries are Tinderboxes, Facebook is a Match&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from </span> <em> <span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12">The New York Times</span></em><span class="style12">,</span></span><span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><span class="style12"><br> </span> <span class=style41 style="color: #000080">April 21, 2018</span><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> <span class=style41><span class="style12">Vanessa Otero, </span> <a href="http://libguides.lmu.edu/fakenews/LeftCenterRight" class="style12">&quot;Keeping It Real: Tips and Strategies for Evaluating Fake News&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from Loyola Marymount University Library </span> </span><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> <span class=style41><span class="style12">Vanessa Otero, </span> <a href="http://www.allgeneralizationsarefalse.com/" class="style12">&quot;All Generalizations Are False&quot; </a><span class="style12">--from Loyola Marymount University Library (</span><a href="http://www.allgeneralizationsarefalse.com/" class="style12">allgeneralizationsarefalse.com</a><span class="style12">)</span></span><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> <span class=style41> <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_bias_in_the_United_States" class="style12">&quot;Media Bias in the United States&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from Wikipedia.org </span> </span><span class="style12"><br> <br> </span> <span class=style41><span class="style12">Hannah Byrd Little, </span> <a href="http://knowledgequest.aasl.org/information-bias/" class="style12">&quot;Information Bias&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from the </span> </span><em> <span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif' class="style12">Journal of the Association of School Librarians,</span></em><span class=style41 style="color: #000080"> April, 2017</span></span><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-bottom:12.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <a href="http://www.journalism.org/" class="style12">&quot;Media and News&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from the PEW Research Center <br> <br> </span> <a href="https://goo.gl/SVtkd9" class="style12">&quot;Did Fake News On Facebook Help Elect Donald Trump?&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from NPR, April 11, 2018 </span> </span></p> <p class="style2"><a href="https://www.rt.com/" class="style12">RT - Question More</a><span class="style12"> --the Russian website <br> <br> David E. Truncellito, </span> <a href="http://www.iep.utm.edu/epistemo/" class="style12">&quot;Epistemology&quot; </a> <span class="style12">--from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy <br> <br> John Dickerson, </span> <a href="http://www-prd.zinio.com/online/reader.html#/readsvg/416450158/46" class="style12"> &quot;What If the Problem Isn&#39;t the President--It&#39;s the Presidency? </a> <span class="style12">--from <em>The Atlantic</em>, May, 2018</span></p> <p class="style2"><span class="style12">Julius Baggini, Book Review of Michael S. Gassaniga, </span> <a href="http://bodoc.net/lag/y180901_polmedia/consciousness.pdf" class="style12">The Conscousness Instinct: Unravelling the Mystery of How the </a> <span class="style12"><br> </span> <a href="http://bodoc.net/lag/y180901_polmedia/consciousness.pdf" class="style12">Brain Makes the Mind</a><span class="style12"> (2018)</span></p> <p class="style2"><span class="style12">David Callaway, </span> <a href="https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2018/05/03/press-freedom-donald-trump-journalists-column/572668002/" class="style12"> &quot;Press Freedom is Under Attack&quot; </a><span class="style12">--from <em>USA Today</em>, May 3, 2018 <br> <br> </span> <a href="http://www.politifact.com/personalities/donald-trump/statements/byruling/pants-fire/?page=2" class="style12"> &quot;All Pants on Fire! Statements Involving Donald Trump&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from Politifact.com</span></p> <p class="style2"><span class="style12">Daniel T. Gilbert,&nbsp; </span> <a href="http://www.danielgilbert.com/Gillbert%20(How%20Mental%20Systems%20Believe).PDF" class="style12"> &quot;How Mental Systems Believe&quot;</a><span class="style12"> -from danielgilbert.com<br> <br> Nicholas Kristof, </span> <a href="http://bodoc.net/lag/y180901_polmedia/kristol_trump.pdf" class="style12">&quot;Our Addiction to Trump&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from <em>The New York Times, </em>&nbsp;May 5, 2018</span></p> <p class="style2"> <a href="http://bodoc.net/lag/y180901_polmedia/systemriggedbook.pdf" class="style12">&quot;Is the System Rigged Against Democrats&quot;&quot;</a><span class="style12">&nbsp; (book review)--from <em>The New York Times</em>, May 19, 2018</span></p> <p class="style2"> <a href="http://www.allyoucanread.com/american-newspapers/" class="style12">&quot;Top 30 U.S. Newspapers and News Media&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from allyoucanread.com</span></p> <p class="style2"> <a href="http://www.allyoucanread.com/louisiana-newspapers/" class="style12">&quot;Louisiana News Media&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from allyoucanread.com </span> </p> <p class="style2"><span class="style12">Hunt Alcott and Matthew Gentzkow, &quot;</span><a href="https://web.stanford.edu/~gentzkow/research/fakenews.pdf" class="style12">Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election&quot;&quot;</a><span class="style12">&nbsp;(Spring, 2017) <br> <br> </span> <a href="https://goo.gl/qWEMBB" class="style12">Knight First Amendment Institute v. Trump (2018)</a><span class="style12"> --U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, Judge <br> Naomi Reice Buchwald </span> </p> <p class="style2"><span class="style12">Diane Herbst, </span> <a href="http://bodoc.net/lag/y180901_polmedia/stahl.pdf" class="style12">&quot;Donald Trump Told Lesley Stahl--Off Camera--the <em>Real</em> Reason He Attacks the Press&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from people.com</span></p> <p class="style2"> <a href="https://abcnews.go.com/ThisWeek/trump-lies-american-people-speaks-vernacular-bannon/story?id=55959669" class="style12"> Steve Bannon - ABC - Sunday, June 17, 2018 -- Lying said to be simply &quot;Particular Vocabulary&quot; </a> <span style='font-size:13.5pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif'> <![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]><span class="style12"><br> <br style='mso-special-character:line-break'> </span> <a href="http://www.journalism.org/2018/06/18/distinguishing-between-factual-and-opinion-statements-in-the-news/" class="style12"> &quot;Distinguishing Between Factual and Opinion Statements in the News&quot; </a> <span class="style12">--from the PEW Research Center,<br> June 18, 2018</span><![endif]></span></p> <p class="style3"> <![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]><span class="style12">Robert Keiner, &quot;</span><a href="https://goo.gl/fQiS9t">M<font size="4"><span class="style12">edia Bias</span></font></a><span class="style12">&quot; --from CQ Researcher, May 3, 2013<br> <br> </span> <a href="http://www.wbur.org/onpoint/2018/07/17/us-electoral-system-politics-religion" class="style12"> &quot;What Are the Biggest Issues Facing the U.S. Electoral System?</a><span class="style12"> --from On Point (NPR), July 17, 2018</span><![endif]></p> <p class="style3"> <![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]><a href="index.htm" class="style12">&quot;Trump and His &#39;Business Associates&#39;:&nbsp; Partners in Crime&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from m.dailykos.com, July 12, 2018 </span> <![endif]></p> <p class="style3"> <span class="style12"> <![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]>&quot;<![endif]></span><![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]><a href="https://goo.gl/MJySG3" class="style12">Russia Aims to Undermine NATO, Lt. General odges Says&quot;</a><span class="style12">&nbsp; --from NPR, July 24,2018 <br> <br> </span> <a href="https://www.pbs.org/video/pbs-newshour-full-episode-july-25-2018-1532552469/" class="style12"> PBS News Hour Broadcast - July 25, 2018 -- [Note the discussion addressing Trump&#39;s lying.]</a><![endif]></p> <p class="style3"> &quot;<a href="https://goo.gl/xwkdcc" class="style12">Declining Majority of Americans Say the Internet Has Been Good For Society&quot;</a><span class="style12">&nbsp; --from the PEW Research Center,<br> April 30, 2018</span></p> <p class="style3"> <span class="style12">Jilly Dougherty, &quot;</span><a href="http://tinyurl.com/jby3po4" class="style12">How the Media Became One of Putin&#39;s Most Powerful Weapons&quot; </a> <span class="style12">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; --from <em>The Atlantic</em>, Aprill 21, 2015<br> <br> </span> <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-44967650" class="style12"> &quot;Fake News a Democratic Crisis for the UK, MP Warns&quot;</a><span class="style12"> --from the BBC <br> <br> David Brooks, <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/30/opinion/third-party-2020-election-localism.html"> &quot;The Third Party Option&quot;</a> --from <em>The New York Times, </em>July 30, 2018</span></p> <h1 class="style15" data-reactid="222" style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 1.05; margin: 0px; text-rendering: optimizeLegibility; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; min-height: auto; font-variant-ligatures: common-ligatures; font-variant-caps: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">&nbsp; </h1> <p class="style3"> <![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]><![endif]></p> <h1 style="border-style: none; border-color: inherit; border-width: 0px; box-sizing: inherit; margin: 20px 0px 10px; padding: 0px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-weight: 600; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 3.6em; line-height: 41.4px; font-family: abril-text, Georgia, &quot;Times New Roman&quot;, Times, serif; vertical-align: baseline; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" class="style12">&nbsp;&nbsp; </h1> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:3;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td style='padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt'> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal'><span style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Century Gothic",sans-serif; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p class=style19 style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> </div> </body> </html>