The American Presidency
Spring, 2021

I. Establishing the Presidency
--The Framers’ experience with monarchy and governors
--The Articles of Confederation
--The Constitutional Convention
--The Cabinet
--The Formative Years: Washington, Adams, and the Virginia dynasty

II. Electing and Removing the President
--The Electoral College
--The Framers’ world meets “democracy”
-The experience with the College
--The impeachment power
--The President as party leader

III. The President and Foreign Relations
--The treaty power--The President and diplomacy

IV. The President as Commander in Chief
--Civilian supremacy
--The President and the military

III. The President and Congress
--The President and the legislative process
--Proposing legislation
--The veto power and “signing statements”
--Presidential nominations and confirmations
--The Presidential duty and power to execute the laws
--The White House

IV. The President and the Courts
--The nomination and appointment power
--The judiciary as a check on executive power

V. The Growth of Presidential Power
--The delegation of legislative power
--Executive Orders

VI. The Future of the Presidency
--Institutional norms surrounding the office of the Presidential
-Can the Presidency survive Trum
--Assessing the damage
--Pondering repair proposals



The Federal Register Prepares for Electoral College Duties

The Founders Online -from the National Archives

The Presidency -from the University of Virginia Miller Center

The American Presidency Project -from the University of California at Santa

The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden -from the Smithsonian Institution

The Federalist Papers -On the Executive (Numbers 61-70)

The Federalist Papers -On the Executive (Numbers 71-77)

Signing Statements” -from the Library of Congress

The Role of the General Services Administration in Presidential Transitions

The Presidency” -from the University of Virginia Miller Center

Presidential Libraries -from the National Archivess

Ranked-Choice Voting in the United States

Ray v. Blair (1952) -State can require presidential elector to pledge to support the national party candidates

Chiafalo v. Washington (2020) -State can penalize “faithless elector”

Youngstown Sheet & Tube v. Sawyer (1952) -The Steel Seizure Case

Amending the Electoral College: the 12th Amendment -from the National Archives

The Electoral College -from the National Association of State Legislatures

The Electoral College - from Justia

Legal Provisions Relating to the Electoral College -from the National Archives

U. S. Presidents
-from the University of Virginia Miller Center

“Executive Power” -from the Cornell Legal Information Institute