Freedom of Expression
Fall, 2021
 Address for the webpage:
More resources can be found on this webpage.

I. The Constitutional and Cultural Framework
-The Search for Truth
-Theories of Free Expression
-American Ideals and American Pragmatism
-The First Amendment
-The “Incorporation” of the First Amendment into the Fourteenth Amendment

II. The History of Freedom of Expression in the United States
-The Alien and Sedition Acts Experience of the Early Period
-Freedom of Expression and Its Limits
-How Congress and the Courts Have Expanded Freedom of Expression
-Freedom of Expression and Self-Government

III. Sedition-The “Clear and Present Danger” Test
-Schenck v. United States (1919)
-Gitlow v.New York (1925)
Dennis v. United States (1952)
Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)
Texas v. Johnson (1989)

IV. Libel
-Libel, Slander, and Fighting Words
-Near v. Minnesota (1931)
-New York Times v. Sullivan (1964)
-Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942)

V. Corporate Speech
-Are Corporations “Persons”?
-Citizens United v FEC (2008) and Freedom of Expression
-Big Tech and Freedom of Freedom of Expression
-Can Expression Be Improved? By Whom?

VI. Social Media Issues
-Everyone Is a Publisher
-Freedom of Expression and Prudence
-Envisioning the Future of Freedom of Expression


Freedom of Expression - Speech and Press - from Cornell Legal Information Institute

Georgia Voting Law - 2021

The First Amendment (Annotated) -from the Cornell Legal Information Institute

"Freedom of Expression - the Philosophical Basis" -from the Cornell Legal Information Institute

Verification Handbook -from

All Sides -from

PEW Research Center Media Studies 

Laura Meckler, "Civics Education in National Debate Over Talking About Race in Education" -from
The Washington Post
May 16, 2021

"Freedom of Espression: History" -from

Thomas B. Edsall, "How the Storming of the Capital Became a 'Normal Tourist Visit'" -from
The New York Times, May 19, 2021

Nicholas Kristol, "Dealing With Our Segregated, Jim Crow Education System" -from The New York Times, May 21, 2021

"Fake News, Disinformation and Media Manipulation: How to Defend Against Them" -from Len Apcar, LSU Journalism Professor

Mary Landry, "The Staggering Fraud of the Election is Covered by Democrats, Media" -from The Advocate, May 31, 2021

Arelis Hernández and Griff Witte, "Texas Bill to Ban Teaching of Critical Race Theory" -from The Washington Post, June 2, 2021

 Ishaan Tharoor, "The Pandemic Is Getting Worse, Even When It Seems to Be Getting Better" - from The Washington Post, June 1, 2021

Walter D. Butler, Aloha Sargent, and Kelsey Smith, "Information Disorder, Truth, and Trust" -from

Fareed Zakaria, "The Decay of American Democracy is Real" -from The Washington Post, June 17, 2021