Background and Chronology
            Civil War and Reconstruction
            The Rise of the Corporate Robber Barons


            The First New Deal (1933-1935)

            The Old Court and the Court Packing Threat (1937)

            The Second New Deal (1935-)
            The U.S. Enters the War - Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941
            The End of the War


Constitutional Considerations

            The Lincoln Precedent  

            Separation of Powers           


            Judicial Review


Separation of Powers Issues - the Growth of Presidential Power 

            Foreign Affairs - Curtiss-Wright Import-Export Corp. v. United States (1936)

            Military Power - Ex parte Quirin (1942)

            Presidential Executive Power - Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan (1935)
            Schechter Poultry Corp. v. U.S. (1935)

            Reorganization Act of 1939                     


Federalism Issues - the Decline of States Rights 

            The Old Court and Federalism

            The First New Deal - Butler v. United States (1935)            
            Steward Machine Co. v. Davis (1937)
            Helvering v. Davis (1937)


Judicial Review and Judicial Power Issues

            The Old Court


                        Membership - Four Horsemen (James Clark McReynolds, George Sutherland, Willis Van Devanter,
                        Pierce Butler)       

                        Three Musketeers - Louis Brandeis, Benjamin Cardozo, Harlan Fiske Stone

                        Swing Justices - Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes and Justice Owen Roberts

            “A Switch in Time Saves Nine” - West Coast Hotel v. Parrish (1937) - NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.

                       (1937) -

            The Passing of the Old Court

            Judicial Appointments


Civil Rights Issues

            The Fair Employment Practices Commission (June, 1941)
             Race Riots (1943)
            The White Primary Outlawed -  Smith v. Allwright (1944)
             Eleanor Roosevelt and the Civil Rights Issue


Women’s Issues

            Women and the vote

            Women and the war effort - Rosie the Riveter


Elections: 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948


The Impact of World War II on the Constitution
            Presidential Power Expanded

            The Twenty-Second (Term Limit) Amendment (1951) 

            Congressional Power Expended - State Power Diminished

            Judicial Power Enlarged

            Interest Groups' Power Expanded


World War II Timeline

World War II History

The Second World War (Spartacus)

Court Cases and Codes (Findlaw)
Japanese American Internment (Findlaw)


jimbolnersr @